How to Date Old Photos

On the one hand, the Celts – who were by no means pacifists – must have arrived in sufficiently large numbers to obliterate the existing culture in Ireland within a few hundred years. On the other hand, other better documented invasions of Ireland – such as the Viking invasions of the 7th and 8th centuries AD – failed to have the effect of changing the culture on an islandwide scale. Some have postulated that, as the Romans invaded and took control of the continental Celtic territories of Gaul [France] and Iberia [Spain and Portugal], some of the displaced Celts travelled to unconquered Celtic lands such as Britain and Ireland. These have been identified with displaced Celts from Spain and Belgium, respectively, although this is conjecture [1]. The earliest pseudo-historical information that we have about Iron Age Celtic Ireland is from Carthaginian, Roman and Greek writers, who probably got their information from sailors who had been to the British Isles. There are writings from the 4th century AD by the Roman Avienus which are thought to be based on accounts from an early Greek voyage in the 6th century BC. By far the most interesting historical account of these early times is that of the Greek Ptolemy. His map of Ireland, published in Geographia, was compiled in the second century AD, but based on an account from around AD. No surviving originals exist, but we do have a copy dating from AD.

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Marked by the inscription “WMF” or “W. Note the special shape of the “F” letter. The length of “WMF” or “W. One of the earliest WMF marks, used from until around

2. Newgrange is known as a brugh, or brú, which is sometimes translated as mansion. But the old Irish word for womb is Brú and so, Brú na Bóinne may actually be more correctly translated as Womb of the Moon, or Womb of the Bright Cow.

In the Stone Age, an advanced civilization made this tranquil spot home. Settlers raised livestock and tended their crops. As accomplished artists and engineers, they also built sacred enclosures. Today, many ancient mounds are scattered across the island of Ireland. The most intriguing are called passage tombs, owing to a long corridor leading to a central cross-shaped chamber. Archaeologists long believed the dead were left in these chambers to begin their journey to the Other World.

That association with burial rites overshadowed another aspect of these enigmatic cairns. Rife with symbols and astrological properties, today they are recognized as temples with great ritual significance. Construction, done without benefit of the wheel or metal tools, took more than 20 years, according to experts.

Workers dragged , tons of loose stones to the mound, digging them from the earth by hand and hauling them 30 miles to the hilltop. Artisans carved elaborate swirls, zigzags, diamonds, spirals and other geometric designs into the stones. Workers are said to have cut their hands, smashed fingers and feet, fell to disease and drowned in the river while creating these monuments. The most important is Newgrange.

Irish Hallmarks I

I have gathered information on Trunks over the last few years and this information is free and for research use only. Trunks date back to pre-medieval times. They were made in many shapes and sizes and from various materials. They were made of various woods and covered with hides such as deer, horse or cowhide.

Things to do in Ireland before you die: Kildare Street Exterior – National Museum of Ireland – Archaeology. Source: National Museum of Ireland.

The 21 rose-cut diamonds are set in silver with an 18k rose-colored gold shank. Photograph by Cole Bybee. Image courtesy of Lang Antique and Estate Jewelry. Instead, the allure of antique engagement rings has piqued your wandering interest. They have an unmistakable character and style about them that modern rings decidedly miss. However, before you purchase one, you need to know more about these one-of-a-kind, instant heirlooms. What is an Antique?

This question has generated quite a bit of debate in the jewelry world. In the past, jewelry appraisers said a ring must be years old to be labeled an antique. This year of demarcation has been relaxed in recent times.

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Outlier stone at the Beltany stone circle. Ioannis Syrigos Humans Turned to Stone An explanation as to how the stone circle came into existence is provided by local folklore. According to a local legend, the stones of the circle were once human beings.

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It was led by Richard de Clare , called Strongbow due to his prowess as an archer. In , Henry arrived in Ireland in order to review the general progress of the expedition. He wanted to re-exert royal authority over the invasion which was expanding beyond his control. Henry successfully re-imposed his authority over Strongbow and the Cambro-Norman warlords and persuaded many of the Irish kings to accept him as their overlord, an arrangement confirmed in the Treaty of Windsor.

The bull encouraged Henry to take control in Ireland in order to oversee the financial and administrative reorganisation of the Irish Church and its integration into the Roman Church system. Henry was authorised to impose a tithe of one penny per hearth as an annual contribution.


Slayman Scholars have discounted as “nonsense” and “wild speculation” a report in the Sunday Times of London that the Romans invaded Ireland. The story alleged that the coastal site of Drumanagh, 15 miles north of Dublin, held “clear evidence Over the years other Roman artifacts have been found in Ireland.

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As a result, they vary widely in form and significance. They fall into five broad categories: Because pewter is a soft metal, marks can often get very worn, but even if a touch is too worn to identify, you might nevertheless be able to identify the pewterer from other marks that are present. Identifying the pewterer There was no central register of pewterers or their marks, so identifying the pewterers and the marks they used is only possible as a result of decades of research, a process that is still ongoing.

It supersedes all printed publications on the subject, is being constantly updated and it is only available to members. Join the society and carry the database around with you via your mobile phone or tablet when visiting auctions, antiques fairs and antique shops. If you only have a couple of pieces, the Society is willing to identify the marks for you if we can. This service is free, but it is not available to dealers nor to individuals if the sole purpose of the identification is to facilitate the sale of the item.

Treasure found across Northern Ireland

Comments Things to do in Ireland before you die: Dingle Peninsula, Blasket Islands, County KerryiStock While we could name 1, things to do before you die in Ireland we could name a 1, just in Northern Ireland alone , here are the top ten things to do in the Emerald Isle before you pass. We’ve all seen or heard about the movie where Jack Nicholson and Morgan Freeman play two old codgers who decide on a bucket list of things to do before they die.

Here is our best shot at an Irish bucket list of places you might want to see before heading into the wild blue yonder. Slea Head drive, Dingle, County Kerry Watch the majestic Atlantic sweep in and see the sun’s rays glance off the towering mountains and witness scenes unchanged for centuries. Watch as the little fishing boats make their way to the sea and the early morning stillness is broken only by the seagulls’ cries.

A classic example of a Georgian Period 21 rose-cut diamonds are set in silver with an 18k rose-colored gold shank. The intricacies of the hand-made repoussé metal work and its pristine condition will supersede the quality of the diamonds and set the price.

Unearth your Jewish heritage. Knowing the type of photo can still leave a large time period, but if you know the subject of the photo, your genealogical research should be able to help you narrow that. When was the subject born? Did he live in a city or a small town? What work did he do? Both the men in my photo are young, but one appears to be older than the other, and he has arm slung around his younger brother’s shoulders.

Both are holding cigars. The elder is wearing a watch chain and a pinky ring. Sadly, the age difference doesn’t help me much. Michael was seven years older than Peter, who was seven years older than Timothy. But it does help me rule out a pairing of Michael and Timothy. Fashionable clues I now turn to fashion to see if what these men are wearing can help me narrow the date range of the photo. Close examination of sleeves and collars can provide valuable information. Other things to look for on women are the presence and size of a bustle and the fullness of the skirt.

Bronze Age Gold Jewellery

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