We look at the design of various types of furniture and furnishings, the interior architecture , as well as materials and techniques, plus some of the main designers. Menuiserie or Ebenisterie During the 16th century furniture was the province of the menuisier who worked in solid wood. The nearest English equivalent to the term is ‘carpenter and joiner’, but this is not entirely satisfactory. At this time the technique of inlaying, extremely fashionable in Italy, was in France the province of the menuisier, but when it was replaced by more sophisticated techniques such as veneering and marquetry in the early years of the 17th century, the most skilled menuisiers became known as ebenistes, a term often translated as ‘cabinet-maker’ which again is not strictly accurate. The menuisier proper continued to be responsible for seat-furniture, table-supports, such furniture as buffets a kind of cupboard and armoires wardrobes of solid wood, the decorative carved panelling for walls boiseries , door-cases and overdoor mouldings, and window-cases and shutters. In this he was assisted by wood-carvers, and by painters, varnishers, and gilders. Ebenistes were so called from the fact that when ebony ebene was first introduced into France towards the end of the 16th century it was an exceedingly rare and expensive wood used principally for veneers and inlays. Craftsmen who specialized in this work became known as menuisiers en ebene, later shortened to ebenistes, and since veneering was almost invariably done on case-furniture of one kind or another the ebeniste was necessarily also a cabinet-maker. The term, however, can be applied correctly to any kind of furniture decorated with veneers or marquetry, and with related techniques. The elaborate mounting and applied decoration of metal, which became especially fashionable towards the end of the 17th century, required yet another category of craftsman – the ciseleurs-fondeurs who cast and finished the mounts, and the doreurs who were responsible for gilding.
Wittmann Antique Militaria
Merovingian art Merovingian art is the art and architecture of the Merovingian dynasty of the Franks , which lasted from the fifth century to the eighth century in present-day France and Germany. The advent of the Merovingian dynasty in Gaul during the fifth century led to important changes in the arts. In architecture, there was no longer the desire to build robust and harmonious buildings. Sculpture regressed to being little more than a simple technique for the ornamentation of sarcophagi , altars , and ecclesiastical furniture.
On the other hand, the rise of gold work and manuscript illumination brought about a resurgence of Celtic decoration, which, with Christian and other contributions, constitutes the basis of Merovingian art. The unification of the Frankish kingdom under Clovis I — and his successors, corresponded with the need to build churches.
Oct 04, · – The exhibition showcases about pieces of antique ceramic pots, bronze statues, jewelry, and coins dating back to various periods. (Photo by LOUAI BESHARA / .
Antique car blue book values can help you determine what to ask or offer for a car as well as options and colors that were available and can add further value. Use price guides to get an idea of a car’s value. Kelley Blue Book for Used Cars Over the years, the term “blue book” has come to be synonymous with the term “price guide. Originally a trade publication, the first consumer edition of this popular used car price guide was published in Early Model Guide , they no longer provide it.
However, an online tool is available for cars 25 years old and newer.
Antique Art in Pyrography
Your guide to antique pottery marks, porcelain marks and china marks Collecting Antique Ceramics Collecting Antique Ceramics offers the widest range of opportunities for antique collectors, buyers, and sellers. When collecting antique ceramics, you are collecting some of the most delicate, most beautiful and most varied items that manufacturers can produce. There are vastly more antique objects made of pottery, porcelain, earthenware or stoneware than of any other material and you probably have some beautiful antique ceramics in your home.
You are more likely to possess antique pottery and porcelain than you are antique silver, glass or furniture. The care, beauty and craftsmanship manufacturers and artists build into the form, and the decoration of pottery and porcelain is only rarely surpassed by items in other fields of antique collecting. Sales of Royal Doulton and Royal Worcester collectibles continue to rise and prove to be a wise investment over the longer term.
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Gothic Art and Gothic Architecture The last period of medieval art and architecture. Early Gothic usually refers to the period ; High Gothic c. During the 19th century, a Gothic Revival movement appeared, notably in British and American architecture: Graffiti Art s onwards Also referred to as “Writing”, “Spraycan Art” and “Aerosol Art”, Graffiti is a movement or style of art associated with hip-hop, a cultural movement which sprang up in various American cities, especially on New York subway trains, during the s and s.
Later it spread to Europe and Japan and eventually crossed over from the street into the gallery. Its most famous exemplar was Jean-Michel Basquiat. In their initial manifesto they proclaimed a return to fundamentals, notably by renouncing three-dimensional forms, restricting colour to its simplest, and by evoking elemental images. Began and ended during Held a number of public exhibitions in and , with works prefiguring later Happenings and Performance and Conceptual art.
According to art historian Yve-Alain Bois, the group’s activities constituted one of the most important moments of post-war Japanese culture.
Antique Dealers in the North West
Knowing that these rings were once worn by another couple in love and that they were crafted with the utmost care, are just some of the reasons that antique rings remain high in demand. To find quality and authentic antique rings, use our helpful guide below. Here you will find info about the design eras for antique engagement and wedding rings – including Georgian, Victorian, Edwardian, Art Nouveau, Art Deco and Retro rings – plus shopping tips that can help you to become a discerning and well informed shopper.
If you have any questions about antique rings, send in your questions through the comment box at the end of the page! For a crash course on how to identify antique wedding rings, vintage wedding bands or antique vintage engagement rings by their styles, metals and gemstone materials, take a look at the History of Wedding Rings.
Antiques Atlas, Browse Antiques by Date and Period, buy from British antique dealers.
British pewter hallmarks also called touch marks, date back to the Medieval Age providing the collector with good information. Pewter hallmarking began in , when a law was passed in Britain that each pewterer should have an individual pewter hallmark or touch mark to identify his work. A record of these antique hallmarks were copied onto touch plates and stored at the Pewterers hall in Oat Street London. This was the home to the Pewterers Guild the Worshipful Company of Pewterers London established in and still going strong today.
Early pewter hallmarks or touch marks were very simple at first, often just initials or simple devices, but these became more elaborate over the years, as manufacturers added more flourishes to their work. At first, this pewter hallmark was reserved for use solely for London Guild members but by , was changed to be used exclusively as an export mark. This did not work because by the end of the 17th century, the crowned rose was being copied by the majority of London pewterers and many of the provincial makers just to give their pewter a look of quality.
Unfortunately, most records of the first antique hallmarks up to were destroyed by the great fire of London that engulfed the Pewterers hall. Once the hall was rebuilt, the guild set about recording these marks again and accumulated over a thousand pewter hallmarks over the years that followed.
Antique Furniture Periods and Dating
Furniture styles can be determined by careful study and remembering what design elements each one embraces. To help understand what defines each period, here are some of the major design elements for each period. William and Mary, The style is named for the English King William of Orange.
Introduction[ edit ] Icon of the enthroned Virgin and Child with saints and angels, 6th century, Saint Catherine’s Monastery , Sinai Byzantine art originated and evolved from the Christianized Greek culture of the Eastern Roman Empire; content from both Christianity and classical Greek mythology were artistically expressed through Hellenistic modes of style and iconography. The basis of Byzantine art is a fundamental artistic attitude held by the Byzantine Greeks who, like their ancient Greek predecessors, “were never satisfied with a play of forms alone, but stimulated by an innate rationalism, endowed forms with life by associating them with a meaningful content.
If classical art was marked by the attempt to create representations that mimicked reality as closely as possible, Byzantine art seems to have abandoned this attempt in favor of a more symbolic approach. The Ethiopian Saint Arethas depicted in traditional Byzantine style 10th century The nature and causes of this transformation, which largely took place during late antiquity , have been a subject of scholarly debate for centuries.
Although this point of view has been occasionally revived, most notably by Bernard Berenson ,  modern scholars tend to take a more positive view of the Byzantine aesthetic. Alois Riegl and Josef Strzygowski , writing in the early 20th century, were above all responsible for the revaluation of late antique art. Notable recent contributions to the debate include those of Ernst Kitzinger ,  who traced a “dialectic” between “abstract” and “Hellenistic” tendencies in late antiquity, and John Onians ,  who saw an “increase in visual response” in late antiquity, through which a viewer “could look at something which was in twentieth-century terms purely abstract and find it representational.
As Cyril Mango has observed, “our own appreciation of Byzantine art stems largely from the fact that this art is not naturalistic; yet the Byzantines themselves, judging by their extant statements, regarded it as being highly naturalistic and as being directly in the tradition of Phidias , Apelles , and Zeuxis. The subject matter of monumental Byzantine art was primarily religious and imperial: These preoccupations are partly a result of the pious and autocratic nature of Byzantine society, and partly a result of its economic structure: Religious art was not, however, limited to the monumental decoration of church interiors.
5 Easy Clues for Dating Antique or Vintage Jewelry
Whether you collect antique Chinese pottery vases, eighteenth century British sterling silver or any type of antique at all, you know the understanding of antique identification marks is invaluable. Thousands of Antique Identification Marks When thinking of all antiques in existence there are tens of thousands, if not more, of different identification marks. For instance one website, Antique-Marks, has more than 10, images of maker’s marks and trademarks found on antique pottery and porcelain.
Every collector, whether a novice or seasoned, needs accurate resources that help to identify and value pieces of interest. The same is true for antique dealers, auctioneers and pickers. With the vast number of identification marks, it is virtually impossible to recognize all of the different manufacturers of one specific category, such as English porcelain.
Antique Periods A glossary covering all the main antique periods, movements and styles. A brief look at everything from the Aesthetic movement to Neoclassicism and Swedish modern to Minimal and the Vienna secession.
Classifieds — Deactivated Weapons For Sale. Without such a certificate, it is illegal to sell or to offer for sale or to give or exchange such items. Please Note – In the case of mortars, flare pistols, grenade launchers, rocket launchers, they can be deactivated and certificated to the exisiting UK specification. Only 4 Days to go. Blued steel finish and beautifully polished hardwood stocks, matching numbers.
OA cm, Brl 82cm. Only 5 Days to go. Deactivated K98 byf 44 24 January ’18 Almost mint condition, fully working action , genuine cleaning rod and sight hood , repro sling, all markings including swastikas on barrel and reciever are sharp and clear. No matching numbers , any questions please ask. Bren Mk 3 Deactivated. Mag box and instruction pamphlet.